The most popular styles of painting to date.


There is simply a huge variety of directions and styles in the visual arts. Often they do not have any expressed boundaries and can seamlessly move from one to another while being in continuous development, opposition and confusion. Most trends in painting coexist at the same time for this very reason – there are practically no “pure styles”. We present to you the most popular:

Impressionism got its name due to the film “Impression, soleil levant” by Claude Monet. Impressionism is a style of painting, which, as a rule, is aimed at working in the open air. Painting in this direction is intended to convey the light sensation of the master. Key characteristics of impressionism include thin, relatively small, barely visible strokes; accurately transmitted lighting change; open composition; the presence of any movement; the unusual vision of objects. Bright representatives of impressionism: Pierre Renoir, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet.
Expressionism Edvard Munch “Scream”. One of the modern art trends that originated in Germany around the first half of the XX century. At first expressionism covered only poetry and painting. Expressionists usually depict the surrounding world only subjectively, completely distorting the reality for an even greater emotional effect. Thus, they make their viewers think. Among his representatives: Amedeo Modigliani, Edvard Munch, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, etc.

Cubism Pablo Picasso “Dora Maar”
Cubism is the avant-garde direction of art that originated in the 20th century thanks to the famous Pablo Picasso. Therefore, he is the brightest representative of this style. Note that this direction revolutionized the sculpture and painting of Europe, inspiring similar directions in architecture, literature and music. For works of art in this style are characterized by recombined, broken objects in an abstract form.

Modernism Henri Matisse “Dancer in a blue dress” Modernism shows the totality of different cultural trends, as well as a number of unified art trends that originated in the XIX and XX centuries. Painters call modernism “another art”, the purpose of which is to create unique, in no way similar pictures, that is, they show a special vision of the artist. Famous representatives: Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso.
Neoclassicism Nicolas Poussin “Parnassus” Neoclassicism was the main trend in Northern Europe around the 18th and 19th centuries, which is characterized by the art of the Renaissance, antiquity and even classicism. Thanks to their profound knowledge of church laws, the masters of neoclassicism tried to reconstruct, and also to introduce canons into their works. Bright representatives are Nicolas Poussin, Franz Josef Haydn, Raphael.
Pop art Andy Warhol “Dollar” As an art style, it emerged around the 1950s in the UK and later in America. Speaking of pop art, you just can not forget Andy Warhol, who is one of the most popular representatives of this direction. The main theme of pop art is ordinary subjects. He focuses on vulgar and banal elements of any culture, as a rule, ironically. Pop art is quite popular in various aspects of mass art: comics, advertising, etc.
Romanticism Francisco Goya “Tribunal of the Inquisition” Romanticism as the direction of art originated in the XVIII century in Europe. Strong emotions were considered to be the true source of aesthetic knowledge. Most of all, such emotions as reverence, fear, horror were valued. Among its representatives: Francisco Goya, Isaak Levitan, Ivan Shishkin, Ivan Aivazovsky, William Turner.
Realism Ilya Repin “Muzhichok of the timid” Realism arose as a reaction to academic and romanticism, first manifested itself in the 1850’s in France. Realist artists usually tried to depict various objects through the prism of worldly rules. They were deprived of any explanation and embellishment. Realism believed only in the existence of objective reality, so protested against the strong emotionality of Romanticism. Accuracy and truth were the main goals in the work of most representatives of this style. Representatives of realism: Ilya Repin, Ivan Shishkin, Jules Breton, Eduard Manet.

Surrealism Salvador Dali “The permanence of memory” Originated in the 1920s. Surrealism is the exposure of psychological truth by separating objects from their ordinary meaning with the aim of creating a strong image in order to empathize the viewer. Famous representatives of this style: Max Ernst, René Magritte and Salvador Dali.
Symbolism Mikhail Vrubel “The Defeated Demon” Symbolism is a kind of protest in favor of spirituality, dreams and imagination that developed in some European countries at the end of the 19th century. Symbolists have made a strong enough impact on surrealism and expressionism in painting. These two directions occurred directly from the symbolism. Among the representatives of the style: Mikhail Vrubel, Gustave Moreau, Hugo Simberg, Victor Vasnetsov, etc.

© Art News Ukraine. Under the guidance of Sotheby’s.

A private collector sets the masterpieces of the “golden age” for public access.


The Leiden collection is the largest privately owned, with the works of representatives of the “golden age” of Dutch painting. Today, it has more than 250 paintings and drawings, including Rembrandt, Bruegel, Rubens and Vermeer.

Since 2003, the collection has been collected by American businessman Thomas Kaplan along with his wife Daphne Recanati Kaplan. Rembrandt’s paintings Kaplan admired at a young age. In his eight years, he encouraged his parents to visit Amsterdam, where he lived a great master to see as much as possible the works of the famous painter. Kaplan believed that all works of his favorite age have long been preserved in museums. But when he learned from his friend that the paintings of the artists that he admires from his youth are still available in the market, he was quite surprised. Since then, the businessman collects the work of old masters.

Eleven paintings and two drawings by Rembrandt, as well as ten paintings made in his studio, form the basis of the Leiden collection. Here are other artists from the city of Leiden, whose canvases are characterized by subtle execution and thorough typing of the smallest details.

Tom Kaplan decided to put his collection on the online version so that students and connoisseurs of Rembrandt’s works could evaluate these works. All paintings presented on the site of the Leiden collection are accompanied by scientific descriptions and contain information about the works and their authors.


The unique portrait of Rubens will return to the house-museum of the painter.


Self-portrait of the Flemish painter Peter Rubens will again delight the eyes of visitors in the painter’s house museum in the Belgian city of Antwerp, after an annual restoration. The exact date of writing the picture is unknown, scientists suggest that it was created in the year 53 of the artist.

According to the administration of the museum, during the restoration on the canvas, 10 additional layers of paint were found, besides those used by the artist, the format of the self-portrait also changed several times, as it was for some time oval. In honor of the return of the painting to the house-museum in which the artist lived from 1616 until his death, a national holiday was announced. The event will be held on April 21, this day the entrance to the Rubens Museum will be free, so that everyone can once again admire the artist’s beautiful self-portrait.

The most expensive Malevich is on sale again


At the auction Christie’s will be sold “Suprematist composition” Kazimir Malevich, ten years ago, cost $ 60 million

Kazimir Malevich. “Suprematist composition.” Photo: Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam

At the auction of Impressionist art and modernists on May 15, exhibited “Suprematist composition” by Kazimir Malevich, written in 1916 – the most expensive at the present time the product of the Russian avant-garde and Russian art in general. Ten years ago, the canvas was sold at Sotheby’s for $ 60 million to an unknown buyer, according to some suggestions by a consortium of art dealers.

The picture was on the market after a long dispute between the heirs of the artist and the Amsterdam Stedeleik Museum. Although the museum only conscientiously purchased works from the architect Hugo Hering, the heirs were able to prove that he could not dispose of the works – it was only to keep them at the request of Malevich himself. To retain the bulk of the collection, the museum agreed to give up five paintings. One heir immediately put up at Sotheby’s – it was sold without bargaining, at a pre-determined price of $ 60 million. Later, in 2015, another one of the five paintings appeared on the auction – “Suprema Composition No. 18” went for £ 21.4 million

Painting by Malevich is very rare at public auction (portal auction prices ArtPrice knows only 15 cases of sales), besides, it is often counterfeited – it is no wonder that a picture of this size, quality and provenance immediately aroused the interest of potential buyers. Its preliminary cost is reported only to them.

FBI recovers Chagall work stolen nearly 30 years ago.


The painting, taken from the Manhattan home of an elderly couple, had been stashed in a Maryland attic

Members of the FBI’s Art Crime Team holding a recovered work by Marc Chagall, Othello and Desdemona (1911) FBI

Ernest “Pick” Heller, a jeweller, and Rose “Red” Heller were cultural philanthropists and collectors who owned works by Hopper, Picasso, Renoir, and others. The theft occurred when the then octogenarians were away on their annual two-month trip to Aspen. According to an article at the time by UPI, the couple returned home to find jewellery, artwork, silverware, and carpets missing from their apartment, including the Chagall painting. The total value of the theft was said to be $600,000.

In today’s news release, the FBI claims the painting was stolen by someone who worked in the Hellers’ building. “It was an inside job,” said Special Agent Marc Hess, who works on the FBI’s Art Crime Team. Soon after the robbery, the thief met with an unidentified Maryland man in an attempt to sell the Chagall. The deal fell through, but the Maryland man kept the painting and tried to consign it to a Washington, DC gallery in 2011 and 2017. Concerned about the work’s provenance, the gallery owner suggested the man contact the FBI. He did, and when investigators arrived at his home last year, they found the painting stored in the attic in a homemade box “crafted out of a door jamb and plywood.” The box was labelled “Misc High School artwork.”

The Chagall is the only artwork from the 1988 Heller robbery that’s been found thus far. “The investigation into the other missing paintings continues,” Hess said in the release.


The most famous museum of Los Angeles has acquired an art collection for $100 ml.


The largest art museum in California, the Getty Museum spent about $ 100 million to buy a collection of drawings from a famous British artist. The collection consists of 16 drawings, including works by Michelangelo, Parmigianino and Watteau.

The only picture in the collection was until 2008 the lost work of Antoine Watto “Surprise” (1718); the collection of graphics was replenished with the “Etude of the head of St. Joseph Andrea del Sarto, The Study of the Grieving Woman by Michelangelo, The Head of a Young Man by Parmigianino, Goya’s sketch, Pastel Degas, works by Lorenzo di Creda, Fra Bartolomeo, Tiepolo, Rubens and others.

 Antoine Watteau. Surprise. Ok 1718. Oil on canvas. Photo: courtesy Getty Museum

Negotiations on the acquisition of part of the meeting began two years ago, curators of the museum were able to choose from the collection, which includes more than a hundred works. Most of the acquired works have already arrived at the museum, except for three drawings waiting for the license of the British Council for Arts, which can impose a temporary moratorium on their exports to enable local institutions to buy them from the seller. The exhibition of new acquisitions will open at the end of the year.

Technology augmented reality returned stolen paintings.


Thanks to the magic of technology, a technical start-up has done something that for so many years could not have been done in the FBI. Despite all the efforts of the FBI, the Isabella Stuart Gardner Museum in Boston still lacks some precious masterpieces from its collection, stolen back in 1990. But if the investigators could not restore the work, the local technical company seems to have found a solution to the problem. The scientists used the augmented reality of AR to return the lost paintings to the museum, at least virtually.

 Recently, the Boston Startup Cuseum, dedicated to the use of technology to improve the experience of visitors to the museum, introduced the new “Hacking the Heist” supplemented reality application. The application is quite simple: lift the camera phone to the empty frames that are still hanging on the walls of Gardner, and the pictures will suddenly appear where they should be. “When we decided to work more actively with Apple ARKit and AR, one of my employees said:” Would not it be interesting to return the stolen art back to the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum? “” Said Brendan Sico, CEO and founder of the Cuseum . “If you visit Gardner today, you will see that many people do not even understand that a robbery occurred here, or they do not know what the stolen works of art looked like.” He described Hacking the Heist as something “stunning and mind-blowing”. “You literally look at the screen and see objects that are not there, and it’s not Pokemon Go, or another video game – it’s culture, it’s real art, something that has such profound meaning.”

About a month ago, one of the suspects in Gardner’s robbery robbery, Robert Gentile, was sentenced to 11 months in prison. Note that he is the last living person who is involved in robbery. The man in every way denies the allegations that he has any information. Today the museum offers a reward of $ 10 million for any information that will help find these works.

© Art News Ukraine. Under the guidance of Sotheby’s.

Masterpieces of art under censorship, which were gathering dust in the storerooms.


Fine art never went on about the power of those in power. Drawing a picture, the artist describes the events or simply spits out emotions. But no one knows how many years it will appear in the galleries and museums, and how the authorities will react to it. Some pictures can be quickly rehabilitated, and other works can wait for “coming out” for years. And this despite the fact that the skill of the artist can be on top. Examples of censorship are masterpieces of “forbidden art.”

“Distribution of food”, Ivan Aivazovsky 

This unusual picture is dedicated to the events of 1891-1892, when America sent humanitarian aid to Russia at the time of the economic and epidemic crisis. The situation of the people was very disastrous, and Emperor Nicholas II personally thanked America for its substantial financial contribution. Disagreeable to the government of the painting Aivazovsky during his visit to the US presented the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington.

“Model”, Nikolay Yanchuk 

“Model” is a picture of a Ukrainian artist, one of those numerous canvases that were collected all over Ukraine until 1937. They wanted to destroy them, because the stories were not ideologically verified, and the authors were subjected to all kinds of persecution and repression. The war prevented the destruction plans, and the paintings miraculously survived to the present day in the closed collections of museums.

“Consecration of a brothel”, Vladimir Makovsky 

This work of Vladimir Makovsky, the famous Russian artist, was never finished. Probably, the painter understood how small the chances of passing church censorship with such a plot are. The sketch clearly reads a protest against the contemporary artist’s reality, in which such absurd things could occur.


The divine canvas of famous artists’ brothers is found in France.


French auctioneers accidentally found a picture called “Jesus praying before the cross.” It is known that this canvas is a genuine work of French artists of the XVII century Antoine, Louis and Mathieu Lenen.

“A 72 x 54 cm oil painting depicts Jesus at the age of 6-8 on his knees and with his arms crossed over his heart, a blond blue-eyed boy with a delicate skin and angelic face, surrounded by a pitcher covered with a towel from which Pontius Pilate washed his hands, a ladder with which the body was removed from the cross, a hammer, nails and other objects associated with the Passion of Christ.The gloomy landscape and a heavy purple curtain add contrast to this unusual scene, “the experts shared.
They are also confident that this is an extremely important work of the Lenen brothers, probably created between 1642 and 1648, a few years after the birth of Louis XIV.

According to the report of TEFAF, online sales of works of art grew by 18.8%.


According to the TEFAF Art Market Report: Online focus, devoted to online art commerce, the leading position in the online market is occupied by departments of leading auction houses that either develop their own online platforms or use third-party platforms to attract new customers. At the same time, dealers and galleries are in no hurry to develop e-commerce: one third of them work only offline, and 20% do not intend to work through the Internet.

 At the same time, although the volume of this segment of the market is small, the report records the growth of online sales by 18.8%. The fastest growth is observed in the segment of low prices, which leads to the appearance of new customers in the market. Growth in the upper segment is limited due to problems of trust and transparency, which are still not solved, although the way out is in the field of technology. For the development of all market segments, it is critically important to attract young collectors who widely use electronic devices to organize their lives.

Among the most innovative market participants in the report are Artsy, 1st Dibs and Invaluable, which have succeeded, despite the failure of a number of business models. The TEFAF fair is also going to engage in e-commerce, launching TEFAF TEN, which will be developed in partnership with Invaluable: on the eve of the TEFAF fair in New York, its participants will be represented on the microsites dedicated to them.