There is simply a huge variety of directions and styles in the visual arts. Often they do not have any expressed boundaries and can seamlessly move from one to another while being in continuous development, opposition and confusion. Most trends in painting coexist at the same time for this very reason – there are practically no “pure styles”. We present to you the most popular:
Impressionism got its name due to the film “Impression, soleil levant” by Claude Monet. Impressionism is a style of painting, which, as a rule, is aimed at working in the open air. Painting in this direction is intended to convey the light sensation of the master. Key characteristics of impressionism include thin, relatively small, barely visible strokes; accurately transmitted lighting change; open composition; the presence of any movement; the unusual vision of objects. Bright representatives of impressionism: Pierre Renoir, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet.
Expressionism Edvard Munch “Scream”. One of the modern art trends that originated in Germany around the first half of the XX century. At first expressionism covered only poetry and painting. Expressionists usually depict the surrounding world only subjectively, completely distorting the reality for an even greater emotional effect. Thus, they make their viewers think. Among his representatives: Amedeo Modigliani, Edvard Munch, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, etc.
Cubism Pablo Picasso “Dora Maar”
Cubism is the avant-garde direction of art that originated in the 20th century thanks to the famous Pablo Picasso. Therefore, he is the brightest representative of this style. Note that this direction revolutionized the sculpture and painting of Europe, inspiring similar directions in architecture, literature and music. For works of art in this style are characterized by recombined, broken objects in an abstract form.
Modernism Henri Matisse “Dancer in a blue dress” Modernism shows the totality of different cultural trends, as well as a number of unified art trends that originated in the XIX and XX centuries. Painters call modernism “another art”, the purpose of which is to create unique, in no way similar pictures, that is, they show a special vision of the artist. Famous representatives: Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso.
Neoclassicism Nicolas Poussin “Parnassus” Neoclassicism was the main trend in Northern Europe around the 18th and 19th centuries, which is characterized by the art of the Renaissance, antiquity and even classicism. Thanks to their profound knowledge of church laws, the masters of neoclassicism tried to reconstruct, and also to introduce canons into their works. Bright representatives are Nicolas Poussin, Franz Josef Haydn, Raphael.
Pop art Andy Warhol “Dollar” As an art style, it emerged around the 1950s in the UK and later in America. Speaking of pop art, you just can not forget Andy Warhol, who is one of the most popular representatives of this direction. The main theme of pop art is ordinary subjects. He focuses on vulgar and banal elements of any culture, as a rule, ironically. Pop art is quite popular in various aspects of mass art: comics, advertising, etc.
Romanticism Francisco Goya “Tribunal of the Inquisition” Romanticism as the direction of art originated in the XVIII century in Europe. Strong emotions were considered to be the true source of aesthetic knowledge. Most of all, such emotions as reverence, fear, horror were valued. Among its representatives: Francisco Goya, Isaak Levitan, Ivan Shishkin, Ivan Aivazovsky, William Turner.
Realism Ilya Repin “Muzhichok of the timid” Realism arose as a reaction to academic and romanticism, first manifested itself in the 1850’s in France. Realist artists usually tried to depict various objects through the prism of worldly rules. They were deprived of any explanation and embellishment. Realism believed only in the existence of objective reality, so protested against the strong emotionality of Romanticism. Accuracy and truth were the main goals in the work of most representatives of this style. Representatives of realism: Ilya Repin, Ivan Shishkin, Jules Breton, Eduard Manet.
Surrealism Salvador Dali “The permanence of memory” Originated in the 1920s. Surrealism is the exposure of psychological truth by separating objects from their ordinary meaning with the aim of creating a strong image in order to empathize the viewer. Famous representatives of this style: Max Ernst, René Magritte and Salvador Dali.
Symbolism Mikhail Vrubel “The Defeated Demon” Symbolism is a kind of protest in favor of spirituality, dreams and imagination that developed in some European countries at the end of the 19th century. Symbolists have made a strong enough impact on surrealism and expressionism in painting. These two directions occurred directly from the symbolism. Among the representatives of the style: Mikhail Vrubel, Gustave Moreau, Hugo Simberg, Victor Vasnetsov, etc.
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